Ruby is a pinkish red to blood red colored Gemstone and the most valuable variety of the mineral called Corundum. The word “Ruby” is derived from the Latin “Rubens” which means Red. The birthstone of July - Ruby, is the King of Gems. It can command the highest per carat price which makes the Ruby one of the most important Gems among all other colored Gemstones. Ruby gets its attractive Red color from the trace amount of Chromium.
- The Bible relates the Ruby with Beauty and Wisdom.
- Ruby symbolizes power and protection. It was believed to help protect warriors in battles.
- In ancient time, Indians believed that the Ruby would help them be at peace with their enemies.
- Thailand is the major hub for Ruby mining and production. The other leading countries are Madagascar, Srilanka, and India.
- Ruby is the birthstone for July and the Gem for the 15th and 40th Anniversaries.
- Ruby is an extremely hard and durable gemstone. It measures 9 on the Mohs Scale of Hardness.
- Hope Ruby is the most expensive Ruby ever sold that weighs 32.08 carat and sold for $6.74 million.
- Some famous rubies include the "Rosser Reeves Star Ruby," the "Edwardes Ruby," and the "De Long Star Ruby".
- Color: Color is the most important factor that affects the value of the Ruby. Fine Gems are pure, vibrant red to slightly purplish red.
- Clarity: The inclusions may reduce the value of Ruby if they affect the ruby’s transparency or brilliance.
- Cut: Rubies have brilliant-cut crowns and step-cut pavilions.
- Carat Weight: Fine quality Rubies are very rare and the price goes up as weight increases.
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